Were there discernible differences between the years 1985 and 1986 at San Diego State, particularly in the major of Communicative Disorders and the newly formed College of Health & Human Services? After all, matters seemingly flowed fairly smoothly. Smoothly, that is, except for a tragic occurrence.
On September 5, 1986, San Diegan Kala Singh, wife of Dr. Sadanand Singh, the former chair and Professor of Communicative Disorders, was killed by terrorists on board a Pan American jet in Pakistan while on a family trip to India with Dr. Singh and their two children. Dr. Singh’s published books in the field of Speech Science were in demand throughout the world, and many institutions sought his consultation services. He and Kala, an audiologist had recently sold their publishing business, College-Hill Press to Little, Brown & Company. They frequently visited SDSU and were generous with their resources, including the May 1986 donation of the College-Hill Press archival library collection. The Department of Communicative Disorders, the San Diego community, colleagues and friends around the world mourned her passing.
Subsequently, Dr. Singh established a memorial scholarship fund in his wife’s memory. As a result, many students have received financial support for their studies in the field of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences. As a side note, shortly after the Singh tragedy, a seat in the Lowell Davies Festival Theatre at The Old Globe was dedicated to Kala Sadanand Singh, a name designated by her husband to signify their union.1 Following his death in 2010, SLHS faculty member Marlowe Fischer wrote a tribute to Dr. Singh, his wife Angie and the Singh family that appeared in the summer 2010 issue of the California Speech-Language-Hearing Association magazine.2
A major difference between earlier decades and the period from 1980 to the present was the arc of the 1980s through 2013 which produced four Doctoral programs within the College of Health & Human Services. Though Part II of this history ended in 1985, with Part III picking up the history in 1986, there is timeline overlap in endeavors between Part II and this final chapter. In 1980, the Graduate School of Public health was created as part of the new SDSU College of Health & Human Services. Over the years, the GSPH has developed a highly respected Doctor of Philosophy degree, in addition to its Masters of Public Health and undergraduate degrees. The Ph.D. in GSPH has three concentrations: 1) Epidemiology; Health Behavior; and Global Health. The Trustees of California State University and the University of California award it jointly.3 In SDSU, A History in Word and Image, historian Raymond Starr noted the state of California Master Plan allowed state colleges to offer doctorates in conjunction with other universities.4
Alumni continued to perform and achieve admirably in their fields of specialization. The College of Human Services awarded its 1985 Monty to Brian E. Walden, Ph.D., a 1967 graduate of the Speech pathology and Audiology department, and an excellent example of the attainment levels of alumni of the program. Walden was, at the time of the Monty ceremony, supervisor in the research section of the Army Audiology and Speech Center at the venerable Walter Reed Hospital. See the complete list of past CHHS Alumni and Faculty Monty awardees since 1972. It’s an impressive roster of outstanding individuals and teacher-scholars who conducted high-level research, provided services to patients and clients, and engaged in teaching activities.
Spring semester of 1985 closed with a bang with a large two-page spread about the SDSU Communications Clinic published in SDSU Report which was widely disseminated to San Diego community alumni.5 The lengthy article was accompanied by photos, one of a young client and another of an undergraduate audiology student, Vivianne Cisneros, demonstrating the sign for “cat” to another child client. In the upper right corner of the second page, Dr. Edmund Thile was shown preparing to videotape a speech and language diagnostic evaluation. This was the same Ed Thile who was a student clinician in the 1950 prototype children’s clinic co-created by Nancy Reed and Dr. Sue Earnest. Also, as 1985 ended, the clinic definitely offered more services for the public and a more diversified caseload for clinicians in training. Dr. Thile continued as Clinic Director and developed a strong cultural diversity clinician training component, which had enormous influence in the university, and also nationwide. Certainly, in 1985 and 1986, pride in the clinic had not waned. Continuing press coverage proved that. Yet, big steps were still to be taken. In the almost three succeeding decades, the scope and complexity of speech, language, and hearing services would progress beyond any founders’ and early practitioners’ dreams.
The presence of Dr. Barbara Williams Hodson on the faculty added to the reputation of the Department of Communicative Disorders. She joined the CD faculty in 1981 and left in 1988, moving to Wichita State University. While at San Diego State, she was chosen Outstanding faculty member by students, as were Dr. Newhoff and Dr. Launer, among others at various times. Dr. Hodson published voluminously in the area of phonology and, in 2009, ASHA awarded her Honors. Dr. Barry Jones (CD Associate Professor) assumed a new leadership role as Assistant Dean of Student Affairs in the College of Health and Human Services and also as the parent of a SDSU student.6
1986 seems a good year to mark the development of an increasingly advanced and sophisticated training program in the area of communicative disorders. Dr. Steven Kramer served as Chair of the CD department from 1990-2001. As noted in Part II, Dr. Kramer greatly strengthened the CD Audiology Division. He was an effective department Chair, also, so effective, in fact, that, for a year or so, he was assigned to the Dean’s office as Associate Dean of the College of Health & Human Services. No audiology doctorate was offered at that time, though it soon was offered during the first decade of the 21st century, mostly due to the indefatigable efforts of Dr. Kramer, who devoted a large portion of his professional life to achieving that goal. Dr. Kramer served as the Director of the Joint Audiology Doctoral Program established in 2003 and he continued in that position.
Other big leaps were just ahead, though obstacles were certainly encountered along the way. By 2013, 27 years later— more than a quarter of a century— the school has a highly ranked MA program in speech-language pathology and two highly ranked and greatly respected Doctoral programs in Language and Communicative Disorders and in Audiology, giving the college four doctoral programs, with the Doctorate from the Graduate School of Public Health and the newly added Doctorate in Physical Therapy. A good deal of collaborative and individual effort was spent getting to this point. The research grants and the dollars awarded between 1986 and 2012 multiplied significantly. There were many more refereed publications, and graduate students delivered scholarly papers on more frequent bases. In the 21st century, the name of the department changed again, from Communicative Disorders to the School of Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences, but remained in the College of Health & Human Services.
But, back in 1986, Communicative Disorders groundwork was being laid as a lengthy planning process finally promised the realization of the joint Ph.D. in language and communicative disorders. It was envisioned that seasoned Ph.D. faculty would guide doctoral students through the new joint graduate programs, sharing responsibility with designated University of California San Diego faculty. Though there had been promising times, with false starts, in the past, the 1980s really did provide the connections that ensured the reality of a joint CD Doctoral degree.
In the early 1990s, having recognized that a top quality doctoral program could only be possible with strong committed faculty, SDSU administrators allocated resources to SSLHS (Dr. Kramer was chair at that time) to upgrade research and instructional labs and expand recruitment to hire faculty with strong research and academic credentials. To this end, Drs. Donna Thal, Beverly Wulfeck, and Lewis Shapiro joined the SLHS faculty and they were followed by a succession of equally well-regarded faculty. On the UCSD side, Dr. David Swinney (Psychology) joined Drs. Elizabeth Bates and Jeff Elman (Cognitive Science) and Dr. Ursula Bellugi (Salk Institute for Biological Studies) with other key hires taking place shortly after that. Importantly, many SDSU and UCSD faculty had long-standing research collaborations with each other in the areas of language acquisition, language processing, aphasia, psycholinguistics, linguistics and childhood language disorders. As such, they formed a cohesive, knowledgeable and enthusiastic core faculty to develop the proposal drawing heavily from what was fast becoming an enormously rich training environment and motivated by an undeniable need for such a program. The Ph.D. in Language and Communicative Disorders, launched in 1996 is the only such program in California (discipline ranked #6 National Research Council; #7 Academic Analytics). The program’s focus is the interdisciplinary study of language and communicative disorders. A major emphasis of the program is to apply techniques developed in cognitive science and neuroscience to the study of language and language disorders. The program involves study and research on typical and atypical language acquisition and development, sign languages, bilingualism, and the neural bases of language use and language loss across the life-span. Faculty, facilities/laboratories, and resources of the SLHS; Linguistics, and Psychology at SDSU; and the Center for Research in Language (CRL), Cognitive Science, Communications, Linguistics, Neurosciences, Psychiatry and Psychology at UCSD are available to doctoral students. This provides students with rich, cutting-edge training opportunities. The program is designed as a five-year, year-round curriculum. Although this is a research doctoral program, with approval, a subset of students have received clinical training in the SLP program or completed a CF during the course of doctoral study. Students are funded through a variety of sources including university TA/GA positions, NIH Training grants, faculty research grants (NIH, NSF), ASHA, and private foundations and organizations. Sadly, due to illness, we lost Dr. Bates in 2003 and Dr. Swinney in 2006. However, their remarkable scientific and educational contributions live on. As of 2013, twenty-four students have graduated from the program, and most hold faculty or research positions in the U.S. or abroad.
William C. Jones, the President of Whittier College, was the first commencement speaker of record at SDSC. That was in 1951. From 1951 through 1991, an amazing array of distinguished speakers addressed undergraduate and graduate students at all-campus commencement ceremonies. Thereafter, each university college held its own commencement gathering, with a separate speaker. The post-1991 format change was largely due to substantial SDSU student population growth, as well as the more specialized interests of each college. However, during the 40 years of a central ceremony tradition, an array of remarkably distinguished intellectuals, artists, jurists and scientists addressed graduating classes at San Diego State. In those audiences were students of speech correction in the Speech Arts major, then Speech Pathology and Audiology within the College of Professional Studies and Fine Arts, and later Communicative Disorders within the College of Health and Human Services.
A sampling of speakers from the period of 1951-1991 includes Walter Hepner, the President of SDSC and the man for whom Hepner Hall is named; Eugene P. Wilkinson, Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Nautilus; Marshall F. McComb, Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court; J. Sinclair Armstrong, Assistant Secretary of the Navy; General Alfred M. Gruenther, President of the American Red Cross; Henry Steele Commager, renowned Professor of History at Amherst College; John Fitzgerald Kennedy, President of the United States; Glenn Seaborg, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission; John R. Adams, Professor Emeritus of English at SDSC, for whom the Adams Humanities Building is named; Malcolm A. Love, President of SDSU; Pauline Frederick, NBC commentator and trailblazer for women in broadcast journalism; Rose Elizabeth Bird, Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court; Roberto de la Madrid, Govenor of Baja California; historian Arthur Schlessinger; Yvonne Braithwaite Burke, Supervisor on the Los Angeles Board of Supervisors; author David Halberstam; and playwright Edward Albee. There were many other equally distinguished speakers during the 40 year period. That people of such stature chose to speak to San Diego State graduating classes was a compliment to the students as well as the institution.
Dr. Paul Lewis Pfaff died on May 24, 1992. Dr. Pfaff, a co-founder of the speech clinic, had pursued the field of speech and language from 1932 on, as he worked with stutterers, voice disordered individuals and aphasics in private tutorials, in addition to his full time teaching load in the Speech Arts department. A celebration of his life titled “A Celebration of Thanksgiving,” was held at the Thursday Club on June 12, 1992. Invocation was by Nancy Reed, the same Nancy Reed who conducted the first SDSC Children’s Clinic for her MA Thesis, under the direction of Dr. Sue Earnest in 1950. Remarks were delivered by Dr. Earnest, Dr. Pfaff’s lifelong friend and colleague. Additional remarks were supplied by Andreas Brown, an alumnus who went on to own and run the famous New York City Gotham Book Store, and to receive a Monty Award (See the complete list of past CHHS Alumni and Faculty Monty awardees since 1972.), and Dr. Ed Nuttall, a distinguished alumnus. The greeting and final remarks were by the Honorable Richard R. Ault.
For 1986-2012 context, in 1993, the CHHS’ SDSU nursing department celebrated its 40th anniversary, noting a record of having professionally trained over 2500 nurses during its existence. In 1993-94, research grants administered by the San Diego State University Foundation reached a new “high.” The grants were awarded in a wide spectrum of fields. (p. 244 in Starr). The School of Nursing was, and continues to be, a strong factor in the vibrant academic standing of the College of Health and Human Services. This year, 2013, marks the 60th anniversary of the School of Nursing. Every practicing speech-language pathologist in a medical setting knows very well the essential role of nurses and the strong collaborative relationship between the SLP and the nurse.
Budget cuts in the range of 5% were ordered across the CSU campuses in 1991. Dr. Thomas Day attempted to make those cuts programmatically, rather than evenly, on the campus, across all academic programs. The result was great dissension between faculty and Dr. Day, negative publicity locally, regionally and nationally, resulting in a “no confidence” vote by the Academic Senate. In the midst of all this consternation, the CD department continued to grow and strengthen. In the 1994-1995 academic year, there were 28,000 students at SDSU. But, in 1995, Raymond Starr raised a note of caution on the final pages of his history book. He noted, “Although the budget problems have shaken the institution, they have not seriously harmed it.” Now, shift to 2012, as SDSU underwent the most massive budget cuts in its history. The 1990s were a portent of what was to come, both in steadily improving quality of product and in weathering financial crises.
1997 marked a fresh era with a new university President, Dr. Stephen Weber, who was inaugurated in a grand ceremony in Cox Arena at Aztec Bowl on Thursday, August 28. The CD faculty was in attendance, and, importantly, Professor Emerita Dr. Sue Earnest was there, even in advancing age. Her interest in and loyalty to SDSU were total.
San Diego State was now developing a tradition, a substantive presence as it approached its centennial anniversary. At SDSU, a time capsule opening at Scripps Cottage took place on October 30, 1997. There, a 99 year old time capsule, which had been placed in the cornerstone of the State Normal School on Park Boulevard on December 10, 1899, was opened and the contents revealed. It had been moved to the SDSC campus in 1955 and reopened in order to add a few new items. The capsule was subsequently moved to the patio of Scripps Cottage in 1968, when construction of Love Library was initiated. Among other items, the capsule contained a roster of faculty names, a 45 star American flag composed of cheesecloth, a San Diego County 1893 map, and a handwritten account of the opening of the school at the corner of F and 6th streets in downtown San Diego. SDSU had become a solidly based institution with tradition. It had a story to tell.
Dr. Marilyn Newhoff, who joined the faculty in 1978, and left after a decade, returned in 2002 to the SDSU CD department as Chair, eventually succeeding Dolores Wozniak upon her retirement as Dean of CHHS and continues in that position today. Upon returning to SDSU, Dr. Newhoff had already achieved national and international prominence in her field, particularly in the areas of child language disorders and adult aphasia and had voluminously published refereed articles in journals and numerous books. She was, and remains, a highly respected speaker, giving lectures throughout the U.S. and abroad. Dr. Newhoff has received prestigious honors including Honors from the American Speech Language Hearing Association. As Dean, her responsibilities are many and, under her leadership, the various schools in CHHS have prospered, none more than SSLHS.
The clinical doctoral (Au.D.) program in Audiology was initiated jointly with SDSU and UCSD in Fall, 2003. Candidates for this degree were, and continue to be, carefully selected, to ensure the most positive experience for the students and to increase the likelihood of graduation. Dr. Steven Kramer, who piloted the Au.D. program at SDSU (2003 to present), estimates that 20% of the Au.D. candidates are SDSU undergraduates, 50% are from other places in California, and the remaining 30% are from outside California. While most graduate students enrolled in the Ph.D. program receive financial support, that is not true for the AUD students. Most of them take large loans to pay education costs, and Dr. Kramer states the students tell him it is worth it because audiology is such a strong professional field and, so far, there have been jobs for all graduates. When asked what, if anything has surprised him about the Au.D. Program since it was inaugurated ten years ago, he answered that he didn’t expect the number of applicants to the Au.D. program to remain high considering the expense to students. Since the inception of the Au.D.at SDSU, demand for the program has been tremendous, with a steady trend of approximately 100 applicants per year since 2006. Drs. Carol Mackersie, Laura Dreisbach, Peter Torre, and Arthur Boothroyd at SDSU, as well as Drs. Erika Zettner, Jeffery Harris, and Allen Ryan at UCSD have served as the core faculty for the Au.D. joint program for a number of years. Jacque Georgeson (Au.D.) at SDSU is the current Audiology Clinic Director. Another long time lecturer in the audiology program is Carol Branch (Au.D.). Other key faculty in the audiology program include Meghan Spriggs (Au.D.) and Lesli Guthrie (Au.D.).7
SDSU’s 360 Magazine published a story entitled “Hearing with the Heart” which featured the story of Lindsey Higgins, then entering her fourth and final year of training in the Au.D. program, as earlier noted, an SDSU/UCSD joint curriculum.8 It is California’s only doctorate of audiology. Higgins’ senior undergraduate project focused on the topic of cochlear implants, and that led her to renew a friendship with a schoolmate who was deafened by meningitis when he was very young. Her professional interests connected with her personal life and the heartwarming tale was told in the SDSU magazine, with particular emphasis on the SSLHs field of study. The four-year year doctoral program was described for readers. It “spread the word” about this remarkable advanced training course.
The last graduating class of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Credential and Master’s Degree program was in 2006. Dr. Kathee Christensen, who so admirably led that program for decades, retired that year. A member of the last graduation class, Ingrid Swenson, has strong memories of her educational years in that course of study. “The teachers and students from previous years of this Education of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing program are an important part of the history of the school of SLHS. It would be so sad if we were overlooked.” Well said. Dr. Sue Earnest led students on trips to the John Tracy Clinic in Los Angeles in the 50s and 60s, and she pioneered San Diego State’s relationship with the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Program in San Diego City Schools. Dr. Harriet Kopp brought her national reputation in the field to San Diego State when she joined the faculty in the early 70s. Sally Wood furthered the work as she assumed the first position in the department as Clinical Coordinator of Deaf and Hard of Hearing services. Kathee Christensen took up that post in the late 70s, strengthened it and continued to guide the program until 2006. There is a long history of training and service for the hard of hearing and deaf, reaching back to 1950 with the first children’s speech clinic and even earlier when Dr. Pfaff worked privately with this and other populations of clients with communication challenges. Ingrid Swenson has good reason to be proud.
In recent years, the College of Health and Human Services, which includes SLHS, has required its undergraduates to have an international experience and study in a country outside the United States.9 That requirement is met by longer or shorter study stays abroad, depending on the student academic and financial circumstances. This initiative is just one example of the importance faculty and administrators place on diversity so that our graduates are better prepared to provide linguistically and culturally appropriate clinical services or conduct research in multilingualism. Another example of which we are very proud is the Bilingual Speech-Language Pathology Certificate we offer within the M.A. program under the direction of Dr. Vera Gutierrez-Clellen. It focuses on speech pathology services to bilingual children and adults with speech and language disorders. Graduates who hold this certificate are actively recruited throughout the USA. This specialization is in high demand. Bilingualism and international study are strongly emphasized in the major and across the university.
The creation of the SDSU Student Research Symposium (SRS) conference on campus was an inspired step forward in providing students direct experience in presenting results of their scientific and creative pursuits. The first SRS was staged in 2008 with great success as students learned about professional protocols, writing and verbal presentations. Faculty across campus disciplines judged presentations and mentored students, and have continued to do that each year as the Symposium has gained in prestige.10 SRS provides an excellent training ground for future scientists and artists. The School of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences has been an active participant in SRS since its inception and its students have won numerous awards. Some of them have also gone on to compete and win research awards in the statewide CSU competition.
Following the 1989 site visit, ASHA’s Educational Standards and Professional Services Boards noted that the clinic in the North Education building which was developed in the 1950s was no longer adequate for either clinical training or service delivery. Consequently, under the leadership of then Acting Dean Dolores Wozniak, the department was able to obtain support for a new clinic. During the spring of 1991, the clinic moved into an 8,400 square foot space on Alvarado Court, adjacent to the SDSU campus.
In May 2009, SSLHS held a community Open House to celebrate the School’s 70thth Anniversary and its move in fall 2008 into a newly renovated campus building. For the first time since 1991, the academic unit, clinics, and most research labs would be under one roof. We were honored to have alums, community leaders and colleagues from other area universities join administrators, faculty, staff, students and clients in this special celebration. The daylong event consisted of free speech and hearing screenings, tours of the clinics and research labs and presentations by faculty and graduate students. President Weber, Dean Newhoff and Dr. Wulfeck delivered words of welcome.
The SSLHS building now houses the Speech-Language and Audiology clinics as well as the School’s administrative offices, faculty offices, classrooms, instructional and research labs. There are clinics that are state-of-the-art with new sound booths, digital recording and secure intranet viewing capabilities, client testing facilities, hearing aid fitting rooms, resource and clinician computer labs, and expanded individual and group clinical facilities for infant, child and adult assessment and intervention programs. Also, faculty and students work in cutting-edge research laboratories that further enhance the school’s mission to conduct basic and applied research in speech, language and hearing sciences. Moreover, having research labs and clinics together in the same building greatly facilitates collaborations among research and clinical faculty and students to assure we continue to provide the highest quality of evidence-based practice to clients and to the community.
Alumni of SSLHS, such as Penny Cohen, who graduated from the program in 1985, regard their training as the best available anywhere. When interviewed on December 7, 2012, Cohen said spontaneously, “I was at San Diego State at the very best time with the finest faculty.” She particularly lauded Dr. Hodson, but also felt all of her instructors brought the newest information to the classroom and clinical settings. Cohen has practiced as a speech-language pathologist since her graduation, and, in 2012, continued to manage a successful private practice.11
Claudia Dunaway was awarded the prestigious Monty Award in 2010, in recognition of her outstanding service in San Diego City Schools, her excellent supervision in the SDSU speech-language clinic during the 20 years she was an adjunct faculty member, and her work with the American-Speech-Language -Hearing Association. ASHA bestowed upon her the Van Hattum Award for Outstanding Contributions to Schools in 2007. Dunaway earned her M.A degree in Speech Pathology from SDSU and served as Lead Speech-Language Pathologist for San Diego Unified School District.
In 2012, a recent graduate of the MA-SLP program who had completed a clinical rotation at San Diego Naval Hospital Speech & Hearing Clinic was hired there for her Clinical Fellowship year. Dr. Carole Roth, the Director of the Speech and Language Clinic at Navy was very impressed by the skills and professionalism represented. Dr. Roth had taught courses in the SSLHS at SDSU, so there remains a strong bond between the Navy Clinic and SDSU. In July, 2012, ASHA published an online article by Dr. Roth describing therapy provided at Naval Hospital to brain damaged returning wounded warriors.12 Thus, all the seeds of the early San Diego State and Naval Hospital collaboration have remained and strengthened, to meet the needs of a rapidly changed world.
2009-2012 years were marked by severe budget cuts in the CSU system, with corresponding cuts at the CSU colleges and universities. SDSU President Weber retired in June of 2011 and was succeeded by Dr. Eliot Hirschman. The Chancellor of the entire CSU system, Charles Reed, announced his intention to retire in May of 2012 and the new Chancellor, Timothy White has since been appointed. Meanwhile, the state of California has experienced dire financial strains, and has been less able to provide sufficient dollars to traditionally funded state higher education institutions. Therefore, student fees have been repeatedly raised and there are aggressive measures to bring in outside sources of funding. Among the many accomplishments during Reed’s tenure is the strengthening of veterans transitional programs within CSU. SDSU currently has more than 1200 student veterans.13
As in every year, a sizeable contingent of SDSU students and faculty attend the annual meeting of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). The 2012 convention was in Atlanta, Georgia, November 15-17. In addition to learning the latest information about scientific study and application of research findings to the treatment of clients at the national conference, there are the factors of immediacy and relevance in terms of what speech-language pathologists and audiologists do in service of others. At SDSU, there is constant ongoing research in areas of communication sciences. SDSU’s SSLHS is active on all fronts and continues to obtain more research funding grants than ever before. The ASHA convention was a high point and provides a tentative conclusion to this history. It was remarkable in myriad ways. The keynote speaker was the celebrated writer Dr. Maya Angelou, who defies categorization because, in addition to writing poetry, plays and novels, she has made major contributions to education, theatre, film, history and the civil rights movement. Hers was a stirring voice that set the course of the convention. Angelou received the national Medal of Freedom from President Obama this year. In addition to the magnificent presence of Angelou, Annie Glenn, wife of Senator and astronaut John Glenn, presented the 2012 Annie Glenn Award to Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and her husband Captain Mark Reilly, an astronaut of great distinction. Giffords has undergone extensive speech and language therapy for her communication loss following the gunshot to her head in 2011. The presenter, the charismatic Annie Glenn, received the first ASHA award, appropriately named for her in recognition of her advocacy for those with communication disorders. Since then, she has presented the award to other deserving individuals each year. Clearly, the 2012 ASHA convention placed a major spotlight on the field of speech, language, hearing disorders, and many SDSU undergraduate and graduate students, as well as faculty, were part of that experience.14 They represent the future of the discipline. In 1950, it was a promising field. The promise has been fulfilled.
PostScript, the SDSU Retired Faculty publication (vol. XXVII, Spring, 2012) featured an article by SSLHS Professor Emerita Kathee Christensen about her work as a volunteer Docent at the San Diego Museum of Art.15 At the time the article was published, Christensen had been leading tours for children and adults for four years and was in the process of developing a program to include tours in American Sign Language (ASL) for deaf individuals. With the addition of ASL, that brings the total number of language tours to eight. When Dr. Christensen retired from SDSU, she enrolled in and completed the two-year intensive Docent-Training program, and that led to her tour leader activities. Creating an ASL tour was a natural evolution. SDSU has long emphasized collaboration with the community and Dr. Christensen’s continued work with the deaf and hard-of-hearing, through volunteerism, is a fine example of teacher-scholar activity in communities. Other examples include Diane Williams (SLHS Professor Emerita), the Audiology Clinic Director until 2001, who returned to the clinic following her retirement to support audiology until the new director arrived on campus. Dr. Thile has successfully continued his private speech pathology and counseling practice. He has now been in the field for more than 60 years. He also stays in contact with SDSU, the school from which he graduated and the one in which he taught for numerous decades.
Within the last few years, two major educational figures with ties to SDSU have been honored as Remarkable Leaders in Education by the School of Leadership and Education at the University of San Diego. Both of these individuals played a large part in securing the working relationship between SDSU’s speech pathology and audiology services and special services within San Diego City Schools. The first was Barbara MacNeil, Ed.D. who passed away in 2005. Barbara forged strong ties with San Diego State as she guided the City Schools Special Education program for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. Her expertise grew from her early experience of being rejected as a candidate for the teaching program at State because of her speech patterns, due to her inner ear damage and hearing loss acquired when she had measles. This rejection took place before the passage of the Rehabilitation Act which extended opportunities for students with disabilities to be hired in classrooms. Prior to that, it was not at all unusual for those hearing impaired college students whose speech patterns or intelligibility were affected by diminished hearing to be denied admission to teaching credential programs. Before passage of the Rehabilitation Act, students with communicative disorders were counseled to enter fields other than teaching. The rationale was that speech and language of teachers were models for students. There was a fear among educators that children would imitate the speech of hearing impaired teachers. There was also concern about the ability of a deaf teacher to control a classroom, to direct learning behaviors. All of these concerns proved to be non-issues after the Rehabilitation Act allowed hearing disordered teachers into classrooms. There has been tremendous progress in awareness and understanding during the last 40 years.
The second designated Remarkable Educator in Education who worked collaboratively with the CD major was Mary Catherine Swanson, who founded AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination) at Clairemont High School in the 1980s. By 2013, AVID has had a major impact in high schools throughout the world. Dr. Edmund Thile knows first-hand the great value of AVID, which was utilized to help minority and urban students succeed in gaining admission to and succeeding in colleges and universities, specifically San Diego State. Dr. Thile obtained H-COP grants at SDSU which mentored and tutored unprepared students for college level work. Avid provided a bridge that prepared high school students for college while H-COP assured that those at-risk students would be given levels of academic and cultural support necessary to succeed.
After achieving national and international recognition in the field of speech-language with emphasis upon cultural awareness/difference/diversity, the multilingual Lilly Cheng, Ph.D., retired from SSLHS and became the managing director of the Confucius Institute, sited on the SDSU campus. In her new role, Dr. Cheng continued her international outreach activities.16 Other American universities offer similar U.S.-China programs. She was recognized for her many contributions and was a 2013 recipient of the Honors of the Association from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
A reception, hosted by Provost Nancy Marlin and Dean Marilyn Newhoff, was held on September 10, 2012 at the Parma Payne Goodall Alumni Center, and it emphasized the CHHS International Experience. Since all CHHS majors fulfill a requirement to study in another country separate from the U.S., however brief or lengthy, this reception reinforced the college and university commitment to international education. Those in attendance were current and former faculty and staff, alumni, and friends of the university.
On March 15, 2013, Karen Emmorey, Ph.D., a SLHS Professor, delivered the 23rd Albert W. Johnson Research lecture. She was selected for this prestigious role because of distinguished contributions as a scientist, mentor and campus leader. Donna Thal, Ph.D., also a professor in SLHS (now Professor Emerita), had this honor earlier in the history of the Johnson lectures.
Long time SLHS Director Beverly Wulfeck remained in her position, a job she has had for more than a decade. The long-term continuity provided by Dean Newhoff, Director Wulfeck and many other faculty members has offered stability at a time of amazing growth. The quantity and kinds of research, the number of doctoral programs, the great increase in multicultural training and the ever enlarging world view have resulted in a much more complex and sophisticated school than was the case in the early 1980s, where this history chapter began. Yet, the art and science still exist, side by side. But, the science now is beyond anything imagined in 1983. Quantification and human empathy are both required in the field, so clinicians and researchers must be nimble as they incorporate the newest information into their plans. They are remarkable professionals in an intellectually stimulating field.
In 2013, tenure/tenure-track faculty in SSLHS were Professors Barlow, Emmorey, Gutierrez-Clellen, Kramer, Love-Geffen, Mackersie, Newhoff (Dean, CHHS), Shapiro, and Wulfeck, Associate Professors Nip, Pruitt-Lord, Torre and Dreisbach-Hawe and Assistant Professor Blumenfeld, all highly productive and successful scholars and teachers who continue to be well regarded in the U.S. and abroad. Faculty members hold advance degrees in many disciplines including audiology, hearing science, psychology, linguistics, cognitive science, and communicative disorders. Their research interests are equally diverse. A review of faculty profiles (http://slhs.sdsu.edu/people/faculty/) documents research initiatives that include studies of speech, language and hearing development and processing, adult and child communicative disorders (monolingual, bilingual, cross-linguistic, sign/spoken languages), pediatric and geriatric hearing disorders, hearing amplification and digital technology, relations between HIV/AIDS and hearing loss in children and recreational noise exposure and hearing loss. Faculty employ cutting-edge techniques such as real-time processing, electrophysiology, and functional brain imaging in order to better understand the neural correlates of speech, language and hearing development and disorders to better inform theories and contribute to more efficacious diagnostic and treatment methods.
The School’s Lecturers also make significant contributions to SSLHS through academic teaching and/or clinical supervision and training. Charlotte Lopes, M.A. (1985 alum) who has served as the Speech-Language Clinic Director since 1993 and Jacque Georgeson, AuD. who joined the faculty in 2005 as Audiology Clinic Director provide leadership in accreditation, clinical service and training. They work with an able group of faculty, many of whom have served for several years and provide outstanding training in speech-language (Fischer, Kotas, Schmitz, Turner, Catterall, Dorricott, MacRae, Thorpe) and audiology (Boothroyd, Branch, Guthrie). Together, they provide expertise in a variety of areas including assessment and treatment of speech, language and hearing disorders in pediatric and geriatric populations, voice disorders, aphasia, hearing amplification systems, bilingualism, assistive communication devices, American Sign Language and dysphagia, to name a few.
The School would not be able to meet its academic, research and clinical missions without the support of outstanding staff members Janet Park, Marla Fulton and Matt Wilson and those who served SLHS prior to retirement (Wendy Esterly, Charlotte Kingston, Jill Baumgartner). They serve students, faculty, staff and administrators with professionalism and commitment that is much appreciated.
Over the years, SLHS alums, family members, faculty, staff and friends also provided significant program and student support through their philanthropy (e.g., donations, planned giving, endowments). This includes programs such as the Sheila and Jeffrey Lipinsky Family Doctoral Fellowship and the Harriet Green Kopp Doctoral Dissertation Award. Sheila graduated from the program, worked in the field in the public schools, received a Monty from SLHS and delivered a commencement address. The Lipinskys have been generous donors to SLHS and to SDSU. Several memorial scholarships have been in place for many years to honor special individuals including Dorothy Baronofsky, Thomas Carter, Sue Earnest, Sam Foshee, Barry W. Jones, Paul Pfaff and Kala Singh. Such generosity greatly enhances support of SSLHS students and faculty and develops new initiatives.
As 2013 came to a close, a few of the school’s many recent noteworthy events and achievements were noted.
Students were extremely active in the SDSU chapters of the National Student Speech Language Hearing Association (NSSLHA) and the Student Academy of Audiology (SAA). Their learning extended beyond the classroom through meetings, fundraising, service, and educational events supporting the university, community and national organization. NSSLHA earned a Silver Medal for activity level from the national organization. In May, 2013 Ph.D. student Kristi Hendrickson represented SDSU at the 27th CSU State Research Competition and was awarded first place in the Graduate Behavioral and Social Sciences division for her presentation, “You can look but don’t touch: the real-time dynamics between infant visual and haptic behavior”. At that time the AuD and MA-SLP student clinicians were providing over 30,000 hours annually in clinical services to the SDSU community and the San Diego region. It includes audiological evaluations, hearing aid assessment, and speech and language diagnostic and therapy services for infants, children and adults (stroke, autism, speech-motor disorders, head trauma, AAC). The diversity of disorders among the client population was never greater. Also, the diagnostic and intervention methods students use to treat clients have never been more sophisticated. Off-campus clinical placements included private, public and military hospitals, K-12 school districts, head-injury reentry centers, Regional Center, Scottish Rite Childhood Language Center, and adult senior centers.
The SSLHS co-hosted the 2nd annual Cognitive Neuroscience Symposium that was held at SDSU’s new Parma Payne Goodall Alumni Center. SLHS faculty member Dr. Tracy Love was the conference chair for this event that brought together faculty and graduate student researchers from universities throughout southern California to present their research and to hear from internationally known researchers in neuroscience. The NSSLHA chapter organized two symposium events presented by SDSU alumni – Language Intervention with Identified Students, K-12: What Really Matters? by Claudia Dunaway and Tracheostomy and Ventilator Management strategies for the Medical Speech-Language Pathologist by Liza Blumenfeld. Over 150 students, alumni, and community members participated. In the Fall of 2013, students took part in the SDSU Community Engagement for Sustainable Cities Program (CESC) directed by SLHS faculty, Dr. Jessica Barlow. This was a partnership between SDSU and a city or government entity in the San Diego region for an academic year and embodies SDSU’s commitment to serving local students, engaging alumni, and contributing to the public good. This year SDSU partnered with National City, CA. Classes from a variety of disciplines, including audiology, got involved to address National City’s quality of life and sustainability goals. Dr. Torre and his audiology doctoral student engaged SLHS undergraduates in the hearing science class to help identify areas in National City most critical for efforts to mitigate noise associated with port maritime operations. Students conducted noise level measurements and identified how those noise levels impact residents.
Two new faculty searches were launched in 2013. They expanded discipline expertise. The new faculty members provided additional breadth and depth in research and teaching expertise in the undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs, new opportunities for the on-campus clinic, and expanded relations with the San Diego community. The first position was for a speech scientist with expertise in voice, cleft palate, or fluency disorders. The second position was for an individual with expertise in evidence-based treatment research with a focus on child and/or adult populations. This second position was related to the newly approved SDSU Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience (CCN) area of excellence. The CCN was one of only six awarded across the university to foster interdisciplinary collaborative research. The SDSU CCN program builds upon the strengths in human behavioral neuroscience and clinical neuropsychology at SDSU. The core faculty for CCN included Drs. Emmorey, Love, and Shapiro from SLHS, and Drs. Mattson, Müller, and Riley from Psychology. To this end, the CCN program was awarded four new faculty positions (two for each of the next two years), including: human neurogenetics, clinical neuroscience with an emphasis on new technologies, brain disorders and plasticity, and evidence-based treatment. In 2014-15, a search was undertaken for a faculty member with research experience in brain disorders and plasticity. With current faculty and new hires, interdisciplinary research and multidisciplinary clinical training opportunities increased.
The 2012-13 SDSU academic year was topped with a marvelous U-T San Diego front and center color photo of a group of graduating seniors from the School of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences.17 It was a large and celebratory photo on the lead page of San Diego’s major newspaper. SSLHS was the focal point of print media, acknowledging the importance of the field. The entire SDSU academic community was filled with pride, and none more than Dean Newhoff and Director Wulfeck. With so much happening at breakneck speed in the sciences, there was still the human component, the essential element in the helping professions. It was captured in that iconic photo.
2015 marked 90 years from the time Sibyl Eliza Jones began teaching speech at San Diego State College in 1925. An amazing ascending line is traced over the 90 year period. In the sunrise years of the 20th century, speech and drama expanded to early work with speech and language disorders. When Dr. Pfaff arrived at SDSC in 1932, he, with the booming voice and commanding presence, was distinguished in the areas of speaking and drama, with emphasis on literature and performance. But, he unofficially pursued an interest in speech sound analysis, as well as habilitation and rehabilitation of speech disorders. The field of what was referred to as speech correction developed alongside traditional communication studies.
The remarkable years 2014 and 2015 fittingly concluded SLHS’s 90 year journey. Change included the celebratory and the bittersweet. First, to the regret of all, the seemingly indispensable Beverly Wulfeck retired in June, 2014. Dr. Wulfeck served admirably as the Director of SLHS from 2004 through spring of 2014. Her history with the school, however, stretched back way before that. She came to the faculty as a Lecturer and Clinical Supervisor in the 70s, then took on the responsibility of serving as Director of the Clinical Training Center, a role in which she excelled. Always learning and evolving, she undertook and completed a Ph.D at UCSD before returning to and expanding her work at SDSU where she was the founding Program Director of the SDSU/UCSD joint doctoral program in Language and Communicative Disorders (1996-2014). In 2008, she received an Outstanding Faculty Monty Award from the SDSU Alumni Association. Most of all, she was a friend to everyone.
In the same month of 2014, Dr. Vera Gutierrez-Clellan retired after decades of teaching and research devoted to the subject of acquisition of language in bilingual children with typical and impaired development. Both the National Institute of Health and the U.S. Department of Education funded her work. Dr. Gutierrez-Clellan was a powerhouse in the classroom and in clinical research settings. She served on countless peer review panels for ASHA, NIH-NIDCD and the U.S Department of education.
Proving the school would further prosper, Dr. Lewis Shapiro stepped in as Dr. Wulfeck’s successor in July, 2014 and worked to maintain high standards of excellence while throwing a few new balls in the air. The transition was seamless since he knew the school and programs well, having joined the faculty in 1994. Dr. Shapiro didn’t face the learning curve of a newcomer as he assumed the leadership role of Director. In the same year he became Director, Dr. Shapiro was the recipient of the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the University of Florida, where he had received his undergraduate degree. It was a prestigious award, well deserved. Under Dr. Shapiro’s leadership, the annual Ph.D Student Colloquium continued, the 19th one taking place in September, 2015.
Alyssa Yee was among the many outstanding students who graduated in May, 2015. Yee graduated from the SDSU University Honors Program, taking part in its graduation ceremony as well as the one conducted by the College of Health and Human Services. She completed her studies for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, graduating summa cum laude. She also had an Honors minor in Interdisciplinary Studies. Her many activities included involvement in the National Student Speech Language and Hearing Association, service as a tutor/mentor through the International Student Center, and participation in the Speech Physiology Research Lab, which included a poster presentation at the Student Research Symposium.
Yee studied abroad in Argentina. Her senior portfolio was “Reflecting on Honors Competencies as a Capstone Experience.”
The May 16, 2015 San Diego U-T published a delightful article and photo about graduation ceremonies at Miramar College gymnasium and the SDSU College of Health and Human Services in Viejas Arena. Titled, “SDSU, Miramar kick off graduation,” the article led with an account of the CHHS ceremony. Chukuka Enwemeka, SDSU provost and senior vice-president was the commencement speaker. The spirit of the CHHS and schools within the college was heard in the comments of Dean Marilyn Newhoff, former SLHS faculty member, a Speech-Language Pathologist in her heart and a strong guiding force on campus. She told the graduating students “You have accomplished much. You are members of the Aztec family.” Next, her instructions were those of the old fashion school teacher and the gentle humorist when she said “Please remain for the entire ceremony… and please stop bouncing that beach ball.” Wonderful. Science and humanity. Admonishment and good natured fellowship. The SLHS school is a discipline, but always mindful that it serves people. For all the seriousness of its subject matter, it possesses a sense of humor.
The school’s Dr. Jessica Barlow continued as the highly successful Sage Project Director in 2015, this time working with the city of Santee. The 2014-15 Sage Project had previously focused on National City and accomplished much. Working with SDSU students to modernize, improve and partner with National City, the program was deemed a success by SDSU President and National City Mayor Ron Morrison. Moving on to Santee is the focus in 2015-16. Sage Project Ideas and civic planning involve thousands of SDSU students. All the students, from different perspectives and backgrounds, work together. Interdisciplinary projects from schools and colleges across the campus foster collaboration in many areas including speech, language, & Hearing Sciences.
The numbers of degrees awarded in spring, 2015 were 7,542 Bachelor degrees, 2,034 Master’s degrees and 171 Doctoral degrees.18
On September 18, 2015, the Center for Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience, initially formed in 2013, held an all-day workshop which focused on neuroscience research at SDSU19. Dr. Karen Emmorey opened the morning session, whichoffered 17 brief presentations by Center faculty. Since audience members represented various disciplines from throughout the university, dissemination of current research information hopefully encouraged new collaborations. Among the presenters were Dr. Alyson Abel Mills, and Dr. Ksenija Marinkovic. Dr. Mills described her study regarding the way children learn new words through context and Dr. Marinkovic shared her research about the impact of alcohol on cognition. The afternoon session involved only Center faculty members, with emphasis on future programs and endeavors. Of interest is the fact that all these researchers said they currently, or will, use brain imaging in their studies. They spoke enthusiastically of a soon to be installed imaging center at SDSU. At the time of the workshop, all imaging was conducted at other San Diego imaging centers, proving to be inconvenient and costly, probably frustrating too. Dr. Emmorey spoke for all when she said “The future for neuroscience at SDSU looks very bright and I am eager to see where the future takes us. The increased collaboration facilities will certainly help us to expand our research and understanding of how our brains work.”
“SDSU AIMS TO CRACK TOP 50 RESEARCH SCHOOLS” was the headline to a November 6, 2015 San Diego Union-Tribune article. At the present time it is number 79 among the almost 120 universities with rankings. The piece noted that SDSU raised more than $121 million in 2014, exceeding the monetary level of any of the 22 schools in the California State University system. SDSU made it clear it intends to increase money spent on research, hopefully to between $200 million and $250 million. This was good news for SLHS research programs. President Tom Day began the push for establishment of research programs during his tenure from 1978 until 1996. From that initial time to $121 million for yearly research is a stunning advancement. Given the success of the overall SDSU capital campaign, at well over $600 million raised by mid-2015, raising $200 million and ranking in the top 50 research institutions are realistic goals.
While the graduate research programs grow in strength each year, undergraduate clinical training studies attract students who are the best of the best. Three outstanding seniors who have majored in Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences during the 2015-16 academic year are Makayla Bradford, Bailey Byers, and Brittany Sharp. Bradford studied abroad in Scotland.
The administrative skills of Dr. Newhoff, as Dean of the College of Health and Human Services, and Dr. Lew Shapiro, as Director of the School of Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences, have been key to progress in myriad areas. These two individuals have provided continuity in the midst of constant change in science, technology, culture, and expectation levels. At the conclusion of 2015, both of these leaders still devoted countless hours to the academic community. That steadfastness fostered innovation, which is essential to educating today’s students for tomorrow’s needs.
One of ten students selected as winners of the 2016 Quest for the Best honors was Makayla Bradford, a SLHS major profiled earlier in this section of the History Project. The award cited Bradford’s numerous accomplishments, with emphasis upon her work with international students and transfer students. She was quoted as saying “Being able to interact with students and see the perspectives of so many different people with the shared goal of getting an education at SDSU was really fascinating.” Among Bradford’s connections on campus: National Student Speech Language Hearing Association; SDSU ASL (American Sign Language) Club; Mortar Board Senior Honor Society; Residential Education Office. Her stated plans included entrance into Doctorate of Audiology program. She expressed a strong desire to help military service members and their families.
Speech-Language Awareness and Information Day, held on May 3 and hosted by students, faculty and staff of the SLHS School, was well attended. Important outreach was provided. At the gathering, more than 200 community members gained insight regarding available resources for those with speech and language challenges. The audience also included family members and allied professionals, people who play vital roles in providing care. A keynote address was “Project Impact: Collaborating with Families of Toddlers with social Communication Disorders.” Presenters were Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Ph.D, Sarah Rieth, Ph.D, and Karyn Searcy, M.A., CCC-SLP. In addition, there were several other relevant presentations, all enthusiastically received. Faculty advisor Dr. Sonja Pruitt-Lord lauded student leaders for ensuring the success of the event.
It was announced in June of 2016 that in the fall, two basic courses, Hearing Science and Anatomy and Physiology of Speech, would be offered online for academic credit. This was in response to requests from students and acknowledgement of available information delivery systems. The School of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences strengthened a relationship with the College of Extended Studies and collaborated to create a new online Speech-Language Pathology Essentials program. This was a major step forward in training future Speech-Language Pathologists. “With courses based on cutting-edge research and best practice in the field, we’re excited about our new online program in Speech-Language Essentials, which will help students get started on their career path,” said Dr. Jessica Barlow.
The very busy Professor Jessica Barlow, of SLHS, was honored by President Elliot Hirschman for her achievements on June 29. She and five other faculty and staff members were provided seed money from The President’s Leadership Fund in acknowledgement of their extraordinary work in a variety of areas. Dr. Barlow was highlighted for her role as coordinator of the Sage Project’s partnerships with local communities. She works with faculty from a couple dozen departments across the campus to bring program initiatives to fruition. This has involved more than 2,400 students in partnership with communities facing significant challenges. The Sage Project has collaborated with the cities of National City, Santee and Tijuana. A partnership with Lemon Grove is scheduled for the 2016-17 years. The real life experiences of students in actual community settings, rather than simulated ones, are invaluable.
The Sage Project and Dr. Barlow’s directorship were first described in the 2013 section of this History Project when she was designated the head of the SDSU Engagement for Sustainable Cities Program, also referred to as the Sage Project. It was envisioned as a partnership between SDSU and a city or government agency in San Diego County for a school year. The founding idea was to involve faculty, students and alumni in pursuing the public good. National City was chosen as the 2013 outreach site. As part of a team, Dr. Torre led his Audiology Doctoral students and some undergraduates in the hearing science class in field work to help identify areas critical for intervention to mitigate noise from maritime activities. In the 2015 History Project section, it was noted that the Sage Project in National City, which continued during 2014-15, was so successful that the Project moved to the city of Santee. Thousands of SDSU students have participated in the Sage Project, all with different perspectives since they come from myriad backgrounds and disciplines. This collaboration across disciplines, including Speech, Language and Hearing, results in rich real life educational experiences.
Now, students, faculty, and alumni move with the Sage Project to Lemon Grove where they will use all the tools in their tool kits to analyze, devise delivery systems and partner in as many ways as possible with Lemon Grove, a place with a vibrant cultural history.
Dr. Lew Shapiro was toasted by faculty and staff at a retirement party at Petco Park in June, 2016. At the jovial gathering, he reminisced about the twenty productive years he spent at SDSU, with a special shout out for his many students over two decades on campus. He thanked the students “…who kept me on my toes, forced me to think and re-think, and who made this journey so enjoyable. After all and let’s not forget this, it’s all about our students!” As a Professor and Director, he expressed his gratitude to the university, college, and school for their confidence in his skills and academic mission.
As Dr. Shapiro retired on a high note, the college turned another page in its remarkable history. July, 2016 started a new academic cycle. The future was already present.
Dr. Tracy Love-Geffen assumed the role of Interim Director of the School of Speech, Language, Hearing Sciences following Dr. Shapiro’s retirement. Well prepared for the appointment. Dr. Love-Geffen served as co-Director (with Dr. Lew Shapiro) of the SDSU-UCSD Doctoral Program in Language and Communicative Disorders, with research interests focused on language processing in both language impaired and language unimpaired child and adult populations. She earned her Ph.D. and M.A. degrees at UCSD and her B.A. at Brandeis University.
A new academic year was begun and not a beat was missed. The transition from the 2015-16 year to the 2016-17 one was seamless —busy and productive. Dr. Jessica Barlow traveled to Bonn, Germany early in July to share news of the Sage Project. By that time, the Project had a solid record of partnering with cities on defined issues, having worked with San Diego, Tijuana, National City and Santee. Lemon Grove was next up. Dr. Barlow reviewed the history, tracing SDSU’s involvement from several years back when it joined a network called the Educational Partnership for Innovation in Communities, known as EPIC, to the present time. In Bonn, Dr. Barlow joined an illustrious group of panelists that included representatives from NASA, the National Science Foundation, the United Nations, the United Nations University, and the city of Durban, South Africa. Quite an auspicious start to the new year!20
The school of SLHS will be visible to more people now that The Clay Gateway was unveiled on November 3, 2016. An ebullient ceremony heralded the establishment of an official entrance to SDSU and from it, visitors, faculty and students have a majestic view of expansive campus grounds that lead directly to the iconic Hepner Hall, a historic mission style building with bell towers. The long view is pleasing. This newly designated official marker is a short block from the building that houses SLHS and the Speech and Hearing Clinic . Adding to the mix, SLHS prominently sits across the street from KPBS TV and radio station. The Gateway will clearly mark the entry to SDSU. While important looking in daytime, it is really impressive at night, with back-lit letters and upward lighting of the tower. President Hirshman was as enthusiastic as the 200 people in attendance at the opening ceremony, saying “Come at night and drive past it……It is spectacular. It’s beautiful in the daytime and even more beautiful at night.” SLHS facilities are in good company.
On December 12, 2016, a front page San Diego Union-Tribune article21 about health care plans for the nation’s Navy by the Navy’s top doctor, Vice Admiral C. Forrest Faison III, a board-certified pediatrician, caught the eye of SLHS faculty, alumni, and clinic staff, as well as those at San Diego Naval Medical Center. A photo accompanied the piece. Some who saw it thought “We know him!” That is because in 2012, Vice Admiral Faison approved and attended, with great enthusiasm, the 40th anniversary celebration of the Naval Hospital Speech & Hearing Clinic. The creation of that clinic in 1971 was a dream goal of Dr. Sue Earnest, Jo Cormier San Diego State University and its speech clinic, and the Wives of Naval Reserve Officers Club. Making the clinic a reality was an enormous undertaking, requiring official approval by San Diego State as well as Washington D.C. Naval leaders. Darlene Gould was the first clinical director/supervisor and the clinic was staffed with graduate clinicians from SDSU who were supervised by faculty in specialized areas. Dr. Edmund Thile, Dr. Alan Nichols, and Dr. Elizabeth Allen and others traveled from SDSU each week to supervise specific clinic populations. For Dr. Thile, the areas were stuttering and articulation; for Dr. Nichols, focus was voice and laryngectomy; for Dr. Allen, targeted diagnoses were cleft palate and orofacial anomalies and articulation. Additional clinical supervisors shared their skills with graduate students in training. The clinic operated under the auspices of the Naval Medical Center department of otolaryngology. It became so successful, the Navy eventually fully incorporated it into its medical program and by the 2012 anniversary, it was a very large department with U.S. government staff. Of course, when it officially began in 1972 (unofficially in 1971), all clerical staff was volunteer and supervisors were paid by SDSU, with the exception of Gould who was paid by the Officers Wives Club, itself a volunteer organization. Physical space for the clinic at the hospital was provided by the U. S. Navy. At that time, the clinic served active duty, retired and dependent Navy families. Clients were treated free of charge. The wives Club held fund raisers to purchase equipment, testing and therapy materials and to pay Gould’s part time salary. Not so 40 years later. In 2012, the Naval Hospital Speech & Hearing and ENT staff joined Dr. Faison at the ebullient 40 year anniversary celebration, with a highly decorated cake. Dr. Wulfek, Director of SLHS at State, attended and some individuals who had served as volunteers in the 1970s were there also. Plaques of commendation were presented by Vice Admiral Faison and he delivered a splendid talk about the clinic and its impressive history. SDSU graduate student externships at the Naval Speech & Hearing Clinic were still being filled in 2016 and the remarkable collaboration between San Diego Medical Center and SDSU’s school of SLHS continued. In the news article, the Vice Admiral advocated greater use of technology in the delivery of health care services. He urged high tech “virtual medicine” be connected with patients, as well as with the 63,000 physicians, nurses, corpsmen, dentists, government workers and those with contracts. For certain, Dr. Faison also knows about the San Diego Naval Medical Center Speech & Hearing Clinic and SDSU’s strong role in it. That is for sure.
On December 1, 2016, the SDSU Speech, Language and Hearing Clinic kicked off a crowd funding campaign to raise $3,000. The money was intended to help the clinic as it moved away from a fee based to a donation based system. As of December 15, $1,900 had been raised. The year closed on an especially high note when a total of $4,100 was raised in the crowdfunding campaign to benefit the speech and hearing clinic. That sum was $1,100 greater than the original goal.
Dr. Marilyn Newhoff officially retired as Dean in 2016. Strong leadership during her tenure as CHHS Dean elevated the status of the college.
On January 26, 2017, Dr. Lilly Cheng, Professor Emerita of SSLHS and Executive Director of the SDSU Chinese Studies Institute, spoke to the downtown Rotary Club in recognition of the Chinese New Year. Her presentation focused on ways to understand differences between the east and the west. Her audience was a large one.
The compilation of the SSLHS history offers an overview of the evolution of this strong and resilient program. It also tells human stories that reveal the vision and dedication of the founding faculty, administrators, staff and students. The work has been hard, the standards rigorous and the rewards great. Toil mixed with mirth, and the results reflect the school’s humanity. It is hoped that looking back on the achievements of each decade will challenge those who follow to further strengthen the legacy of excellence. The long journey traveled from 1925 to the present time has been quite remarkable by any measures. It has provided a solid foundation for a future so complex as to only be imagined. While SSLHS pauses to reflect on its past, it prepares for new journeys. There is so much work to be done, and it is possible the best is still ahead.
- Source of date of terrorist attack: U-T SD, Monday, September 3, 2012 in history timeline. Also appeared in March 14, 2010 U-T SD Sadanand Singh obituary”
- Marlowe Fischer, “In memory of Sadanand Singh” CSHA Magazine, summer 2010, p. 15 (pdf)
- SDSU course catalogs
- Raymond Starr, A History of Word and Image, p. 153
- SDSU Report, spring, 1985, pp. 10 & 11
- Barry W. Jones, “From a Faculty Father” SDSU Parenthetically Speaking, June 1986 (pdf)
- Interview of Dr. Kramer in fall, 2012
- Sandra Millers Younger, “Hearing with the Heart,” SDSU 360 Magazine, spring 2012
- U-T San Diego, Saturday, April 7, 2012
- SRS printed proceedings for 2008-2013
- Interview of Penny Cohen on December 7, 2012
- Carole Roth, ASHA online article, July 2012
- U-T SD, May 25, 2012, pp. A-1 & A-9
- ASHA LEADER, June 5, 2012, ASHA Convention insert
- Postscript, Vol. XXVII, spring, 2012
- Maureen Magee, “N Educational Ties,” U-T SD, July 16, 2012
- U-T S.D, May 18, 2013
- Gary Warth, “SDSU, MIRAMAR KICK OFF GRADUATION,” U-T SD, Saturday, May 16, 2015, section B-1 & B-5
- “Clinical and Cognitive Neuroscience Sees a Bright Future” The Pulse, January 5, 2016
- School of Speech, Language Hearing Sciences Home page News & Announcements
- Carl Prine, “Navy’s Top Doc Revamps Military Medicine,” The San Diego Union-Tribune, December 12, 2016, p. A-1 & A-8